- Water is heavy
- Invest in your formula
- Don’t carry what you’re not going to drink
- Cow slobber/sh*t water needs flavoring
- Trial and error is required to find your vessel and treatment solutions
How Much to Carry?
At 2.2 pounds per liter, water is one of the heaviest items in your pack. So rather than arbitrarily starting a trip with 3-4 liters, I’ve learned it’s better to research available water sources. I’d much rather stop every few miles and replenish my water supply than carry the extra weight.
Figuring out how much to carry is based on a formula adjusted for conditions. It takes time to build your own formula.
I drink more when I’m:
- at altitude
When I started backpacking, I would track how much water I was carrying and how much I had left when I got to a water source. Then I could calculate how much I was drinking per mile and per hour based on conditions. The goal was to get to a reliable water source with none or very little in my pack.
This gets trickier in unreliable water areas and since I worry about dehydration I tend to carry extra as insurance.
Unless you camp near water, you also need to calculate how much water is needed for dinner, breakfast as well as hiking to camp and to the next water source. In general 3 liters is my magic number.
How to Carry?
I’ve found through trial and error that I like soft water bottles like Evernew. I have one marked for dirty water. The 1500ml size is my preference. I sometimes also carry a 600ml plastic bottle for when I want to add flavorings to my water. I’ll be testing CNOC 2L Vecto bags over the upcoming months.
I started with a bladder in my pack but discontinued because I didn’t like
- worrying a about a leak
- not knowing when I needed to refill
- taking apart my pack to refill
I’ve tried a variety of bottles and while they work for some people they never found a permanent place in my pack.
Capacity is a consideration. I prefer smaller 1.5 liter storage containers to 3 liter because they fit my hands better and I feel like I have more flexibility when it comes to how many to fill. However, I switch to 3 liter in the desert where I have to carry larger quantities between sources.
Remember water is heavy, so figuring out where to carry that weight in your pack is an important consideration.
How to Treat?
Like most other things in backpacking I’ve tried several different systems. I currently use the Sawyer Squeeze filter although I prefer using the water treatment tablets such as Aquatabs Water Purification Tablets. I will be testing the Katadyn BeFree filter over the upcoming months.
- I carry this handy dandy system 90% of the time (SteriPEN pre-filter replacement cartridge placed inside the Platypus bottle with Smart Water flip cap)
- It’s an efficient way to collect water
- It’s keeps the gunk including pollen and bugs out of my filter
- I squeeze from my “dirty” Evernew bottle into a clean bottle (I use a black hair tie around top to flag as dirty).
- It’s time consuming.
- I’d prefer using inline so I can scoop and go but the current Squeeze version doesn’t work.
- I really hate protecting the Sawyer Squeeze from freezing and have had to replace a couple times when I’ve forgotten (sadly the BeFree has the same issue).
- Carrying water for 20-40 minutes without being able to drink is not very weight efficient
- I like drinking at a water source (cameling up) so I can be hydrated without carrying extra weight but with chemical treatment it’s not an option.
- I’m lazy and sometimes compromise especially in cooler temperatures.
- I prefer Aquatabs Water Purification Tablets over Aquamira liquid drops.
Flavoring and Additives:
- Although I prefer unflavored water, I’ve had to in nasty situations especially in cattle country.
- There are a lot of options but my favorites remains cold coffee or Orange/Grape Crush.
- Electrolytes are important when sweating and drinking a lot. There are plenty of options but I’ve found I prefer to eat pink Himalayan salt rather than having flavored water.
How to Drink?
I prefer drinking from a hydration hose as I’m hiking. I can’t reach bottles easily and don’t like to stop to drink. I got the Blue Desert SmarTube Hydration System to use with my Evernew bottles (ebay is best reseller). Many attach their Sawyer directly to a bottle and squeeze as they go. This can be an efficient system.
How to Clean?
When I get to town, it’s time to refresh my water systems. My preference is to use a little bleach in my water bottles, drinking hose, etc. If I’m on a long-distance hike without access to bleach I use denture tablets. Backflushing the Sawyer Squeeze takes a bit more effort than simply using the provided syringe or another system. I’ve had the most success following Sawyer’s advice of soaking it in a very vinegar hot water solution before banging the sides and flushing. I’m hoping for easier maintenance with the BeFree system. I know it won’t last as long at an estimated 250 gallons versus 100,000 gallons with the Squeeze. I average 1-1.5 gallons a day when backpacking and usually backpack at least 60 days per year so that means around 100 gallons per year. At less than $20, I consider it reasonable to replace my filter every year or two.
When and How to Cross?
Water crossings are an accident waiting to happen. I’ve had several minor injuries trying to keep my feet dry. Logs and rocks can be tippy and slippery. Vertigo is common when looking at rushing water. If I have a choice I’ll typically walk through (ford) rather than worry about injury. In swift water, I carefully evaluate crossing options. I honor the saying, “turnaround don’t drown” when I can’t find a safe crossing. Camping and waiting until morning is an option during snowmelt.